Saint Peter’s Square and Vatican City
Gravina San Pietro Hotel is located just minutes away from St. Peter’s Square, a meeting point for thousands of Catholic faithful. St. Peter’s Square is the square outside the St. Peter’s Basilica, in Vatican City.
The square was built between 1656 and 1667 by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. At its center stands the Vatican obelisk brought to Rome by Caligula to adorn the Circus of Nero, where St. Peter was killed. The wings of the colonnade are formed by 248 columns and topped by 140 statues.
On the right side of the basilica is visible part of the roof of the Sistine Chapel where the conclave takes place. From the Sistine Chapel it’s possible to access in the Vatican Museums.
Castel Sant’Angelo, also known as Mausoleum of Hadrian, is among the most ancient monuments of Rome and was originally founded to house the remains of Emperor Hadrian and his family. The Castle (which took its current name only in the 590) is famous for being attached to St. Peter by a narrow corridor called passetto that allowed many Popes to take refuge within its walls during the darkest in the history of Papal state. Castel Sant’Angelo was then famous for having inspired the great master Giuseppe Verdi‘s opera Tosca in the composition.
Piazza Navona and Fountain of the Four Rivers
At the time of ancient Rome, Piazza Navona was the Stadium of Domitian. It was built by the emperor in 85. Today is one of the most beautiful squares and artistic importance of the capital and largest destination for millions of tourists. During the Baroque, Piazza Navona knows his heyday with the buildings and sculptures by masters such as Gian Lorenzo Bernini (Fountain of the Four Rivers in the center of the square, which is the Danube, the Ganges, the Nile and the Rio de la Plata, the four corners of the Earth), Francesco Borromini and Girolamo Rainaldi.
Colosseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheater, or simply as Amphitheatrum, is the most famous Roman amphitheater, and is located in the city center of Rome. Capable of seating 50,000 spectators, is the largest and most important Roman amphitheater, and the most imposing monument of ancient Rome that has come down to us.
Its construction was begun by Vespasian in 72 AD but was only inaugurated in AD 80 by Emperor Titus and underwent structural changes during the reign of Domitian. The name “Colosseum”, which derives from the nearby statue of the Colossus of the Sun God (adaptation of the Colossus of Nero), spread only in the Middle Ages. Because of its “centrality” in the history of imperial Rome, the Colosseum is unanimously considered the symbol of Rome and his immortality.
Imperial Fora consist of a series of monumental building made by the emperors in ancient Rome in a period of about a century and a half (between 46 BC and 113 AD). Among the great emperors who brought fame with their works at the Fora include Julius Caesar (who decided to build a large square in his name), Octavian (who built a temple in honor of Mars Ultor after the battle of Philippi) and Vespasian (who built the Temple of Peace).
It was also because of its timeless appeal that Fascism then decided to open Via dell’Impero along the archeological area (the current route of the Via dei Fori Imperiali), joining Piazza Venezia with the Colosseum. The road, straight running, would be used for military parades, and still held there for the parade of the Italian Republic Day June 2.